Here are some helpful tips for building steps in your garden: Dig a retaining wall, set a base course, and install a drainage tile. Small stones work well as steps as well. Read on to learn more! This project is easy and requires a minimal amount of effort! Just use these tips to make your project a success! We have a step-by-step guide for you! Continue reading to learn how to build paver steps!
Installing a drain tile
When building paver steps, you must install a drain tile, either behind the bottom step or in front. The drainage tile is usually made of 4″ corrugated pipes covered with 3/4″ drain stone. The stone is then installed over the pipe so that water drains away from the back end. If you’re installing the drain tile in front of the bottom step, you’ll need to place the drain pipe half-inch higher than the back end.
Next, lay a piece of landscape fabric in front of the drainage stone. The landscape fabric should extend at least six inches up the retaining wall. Use construction adhesive to attach the fabric to the wall. Make sure to overlap the string by at least four inches along its length. You can also use a line level to check the string’s level. Then, slide the string down half-inch to create a slope. This slope will ensure that water will drain away from the structure and down the drainage pipe.
Digging a stairway
There are many ways to dig a stairway from paver steps. Whether it is a simple step or a spiral staircase, it is always best to measure the steps carefully before starting. Once you have determined the steps’ exact dimensions, you can begin digging with a shovel. Start digging horizontally at the bottom of the slope and remove any loose topsoil. Make sure to dig deep enough to compact the soil. After digging, use a level to ensure the steps are level.
Firstly, mark the front edge of each step with string lines. If the steps are wide, use a builder’s square at right angles to the long lines. Next, prepare the ground for each step by digging a 125mm deep trench. Then, compact 25mm of roadbase into the base of the trench. Add four inches of gravel to the base of the trench and firm it up with polythene sheeting.
Setting a base course
Before you start installing paver steps, you’ll need to set a base course. The base course is the leveled surface underneath the paver steps. To determine the depth of the base course, lay a stake a few feet from the starting point and another couple of feet beyond it. Once you’ve set your base course, you can tie a mason line around both stakes, stopping at about 1/2 inch above grade. This will give you a measurement of how high your paver steps will be.
Once the base course is set, you can begin laying the steps. First, dig a 125-mm deep footing. Make sure it is level and firm. Next, place two concrete blocks along the path of the steps to serve as shuttering. The concrete mix is 6 percent cement and one-third ballast. You can lay the blocks on the concrete almost immediately, but you can also wait a week or two for the concrete to dry.
Making a step out of small stones
There are several steps to making a step out of small stones. When laying small stones, you should set aside a group of riser stones for the back of the step. Once the stones are set aside, measure the distance between the steps with a string level. Then, level each stone to about 6 inches. The steps will not be exact, but you can always adjust them later when you build a path.
To make the steps more attractive, you can add a theme around the steps. Plants in green and tropical colors can add a lovely contrast. If your stone steps are near tall trees, you can also plant succulents. This will make the area around the trees look more spacious. You can even plant a tree at the foot of your stone steps. These steps will add a touch of natural beauty to your home.
Using landscape fabric for stabilization
There are three main types of landscape fabric: geotextile, standard, and heavy-duty. While standard landscape fabric is more affordable, it can tear easily when in contact with rocks, tools, and other elements. When used for stabilization when building paver steps, it can prevent the soil from washing away the steps. The heavier-duty landscape fabric is best suited for commercial projects. If you’re building a residential property, intermediate-grade landscape fabric is a good choice.
Once you’ve decided on the type of landscape fabric you’d like to use, you’ll need to install it on the steps. First, you need to prepare the area by laying a layer of base gravel. This base gravel should be large rocks about 4-inches in diameter and rough on the edges. A dump truck can drop off the base gravel. Then, make sure the base gravel is at least 4-inches deep.